Person Based Approach

Useful Resources

Here are some useful resources that you may find helpful when applying the Person-Based Approach to intervention development.

Think-aloud interview schedule

Think-aloud interviews are a core technique employed within the Person-Based Approach. They can provide invaluable insight of users’ immediate reactions to the intervention content, providing feedback on how the persuasiveness and relevance of the content can be enhanced.

Click here to download an example think-aloud interview schedule.

These papers provide useful examples of how think-aloud interviews have been used iteratively to modify and optimise interventions based on user feedback:

Rowsell, A., Muller, I., Murray, E., Little, P., Byrne, C., Ganahl, K., ... Yardley, L.(2015). Views of people with high and low levels of health literacy about a digital intervention to promote physical activity for diabetes: a qualitative study in five countries. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 17(10), 1-12. DOI: 10.2196/jmir.4999
Anthierens, S., Tonkin-Crine, S., Douglas, E., Fernandez-Vandellos, P., Krawczyk, J., Llor, C., ... GRACE INTRO study team (2012). General Practitioners' views on the acceptability and applicability of a web-based intervention to reduce antibiotic prescribing for acute cough in multiple European countries: a qualitative study prior to a randomised trial. BMC Family Practice, 13(101). DOI: 10.1186/1471-2296-13-101
Yardley, L., Morrison, L. G., Andreou, P., Joseph, J., & Little, P. (2010). Understanding reactions to an internet-delivered health-care intervention: accommodating user preferences for information provision. BMC Medical Informatics and Decision Making, 10(52), [10pp]. DOI: 10.1186/1472-6947-10-52

Table of Changes

The Table of Changes is a tool that can be used to efficiently extract the verbatim positive and negative user comments about a prototype intervention. This can then facilitate informed discussion about how best to refine the prototype, providing a clear record of agreed changes, their rationale and priority.

Click here to download a Table of Changes template.

This tutorial paper provides an overview of how the Table of Changes has been applied to guide the modification of a prototype intervention based on user feedback:

Bradbury, K., Morton, K., Band, R., van Woezik, A., Grist, R., McManus, R., ... Yardley, L. (2018). Using the Person-Based Approach to optimise a digital intervention for the management of hypertension. PLoS ONE, 13(5), 1-18. [e0196868]. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0196868

Further Illustrations

The Person-Based Approach has been successfully used by researchers and organisations independent of our team. Here are some examples:

This paper provides a useful example of how the Person-Based Approach was used to develop a workplace intervention to enhance employee wellbeing within the private sector:

This paper provides a useful example of how the Person-Based Approach was used to develop and optimise an e-learning tool for healthcare professionals: